The complex geography of the hemisphere creates environments which provide resources that sustain systems of production, work, and trade—which sometimes threaten those environments. The health of diverse peoples is a continuing challenge.
States organize national territories, sustained by political systems that strive for democracy and justice—yet too often fail to practice exalted ideals. States promote national identities; parties and movements may reinforce or challenge their goals. Periodically, revolutions have challenged ruling states—and much more—across the hemisphere.
People across the Americas create great literature and renowned art. Communities forge popular cultures both within and against national and global currents. Religion has shaped life across the hemisphere since time immemorial.
The peoples of the Americas have never lived isolated from each other or from the larger world, and since the sixteenth century they have experienced continuous integration with a wider world—developments now rapidly accelerating.