Vaults, Mirrors, and Masks: Rediscovering U.S. Counterintelligence
- Vaults, Mirrors, and Masks: Rediscovering U.S. Counterintelligence
ISBN: 9781589012677 (1589012674)
Purchase here from Georgetown University Press
"The most thorough, balanced, and sensible collection of essays now available on counterintelligence issues."—Richard K. Betts, director, Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University
Decision makers matching wits with an adversary want intelligence—good, relevant information to help them win. Intelligence can gain these advantages through directed research and analysis, agile collection, and the timely use of guile and theft. Counterintelligence is the art and practice of defeating these endeavors. Its purpose is the same as that of positive intelligence—to gain advantage—but it does so by exploiting, disrupting, denying, or manipulating the intelligence activities of others. The tools of counterintelligence include security systems, deception, and disguise: vaults, mirrors, and masks.
In one indispensable volume, top practitioners and scholars in the field explain the importance of counterintelligence today and explore the causes of—and practical solutions for—U.S. counterintelligence weaknesses. These experts stress the importance of developing a sound strategic vision in order to improve U.S. counterintelligence and emphasize the challenges posed by technological change, confused purposes, political culture, and bureaucratic rigidity. Vaults, Mirrors, and Masks skillfully reveals that robust counterintelligence is vital to ensuring America's security.
Published in cooperation with the Center for Security Studies and the George T. Kalaris Memorial Fund, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
Jennifer E. Sims is professor in residence, director of intelligence studies, and member of the core faculty with the Security Studies Program, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University. She has served as deputy assistant secretary of state for intelligence coordination and as the Department of State’s first coordinator for intelligence resources and planning. She has also served on the staff of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.
Burton Gerber served for 39 years as an operations officer in the Central Intelligence Agency and now teaches at Georgetown University.
Contributors: Vincent H. Bridgeman, Rodney Faraon, John Fox Jr., Burton Gerber, James R. Gosler, Robert Jervis, Kathleen L. Kiernan, Richard A. Posner, Harvey Rishikof, Timothy R. Sample, Jennifer E. Sims, Robert Wallace, Michael Warner, Austin K. Yamada.
Jennifer E. Sims is professor in residence, director of intelligence studies, and member of the core faculty of the Security Studies Program, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University. She has served as deputy assistant secretary of state for intelligence coordination and as the Department of State’s first coordinator for intelligence resources and planning. She has also served as Senator John Danforth’s designee on the staff to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. She is the recipient of the national intelligence community’s Distinguished Service Medal and is a member of the International Institute of Strategic Studies.
Dr. Sims received her B.A. from Oberlin College and her M.A. and Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, where she has also taught. Her publications include Icarus Restrained: An Intellectual History of Nuclear Arms Control, 1945 –1960, as well as numerous articles on arms control and intelligence. With Burton Gerber, she is the coeditor and contributor to Transforming U.S. Intelligence (Georgetown University Press, 2005).
Burton Gerber is retired from the CIA after thirty-nine years as an operations officer. Subsequently he has lectured and written on intelligence subjects, particularly intelligence ethics. He now teaches at Georgetown University. With Jennifer Sims, he is the coeditor of and contributor to Transforming U.S. Intelligence, (Georgetown University Press, 2005).
Vincent H. Bridgeman is a Marine officer and a graduate of the Security Studies Program at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. His most recent posting was at Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations Command (MARSOC).
Rodney Faraon is a partner with the Crumpton Group, LLC, a strategic business advisory practice in Washington, D.C. Before joining the Crumpton Group, he was The Walt Disney Company’s founding director of global intelligence and threat analysis, and had earlier served fourteen years with the CIA as a manager, senior analyst, and a briefer for the President’s Daily Brief. He is a graduate of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.
John Fox Jr. has been the FBI historian since 2003. He has recently had articles published in the Law Enforcement Executive Forum, Studies in Intelligence, and the Journal of Government Information, as well as numerous pieces on the FBI’s website. He contributed to The Gouzenko Affair: Canada and the Beginnings of the Cold War. Fox has also been heavily involved in the FBI’s tour renovation and a number of cooperative museum projects. He was awarded a Ph.D. in modern American history from the University of New Hampshire in 2001 and an M.A. in political science from Boston College in 1993.
James R. Gosler is a fellow at Sandia National Laboratories. His areas of interest include information operations, information assurance, nuclear weapon security, cryptography, critical infrastructure protection, terrorism, and space superiority. He is a member of the Defense Science Board and the National Security Agency Advisory Board. In conjunction with these boards, he regularly assists the Department of Defense and the intelligence community through his participation on numerous studies and panels.
Previously, Gosler was a visiting scientist at the National Security Agency, the director of the Clandestine Information Technology Office at the CIA, and commanding officer of three units in the U.S. Navy Reserve. He is the recipient of several awards, including Lockheed Martin’s NOVA Award, the CIA’s Director’s Award, the CIA’s Directorate of Operations Donovan Award, the Intelligence Medal of Merit, and the U.S. Navy’s Legion of Merit. He received his M.S. in mathematics from Clemson University.
Robert Jervis is Adlai E. Stevenson Professor of International Politics at Columbia University. His System Effects: Complexity in Political Life was a cowinner of the APSA’s Psychology Section Best Book Award. The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order. His most recent book is American Foreign Policy in a New Era. He was president of the American Political Science Association in 2000–2001 and has received career achievement awards from the International Society of Political Psychology and ISA’s Security Studies Section. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Kathleen L. Kiernan is a twenty-nine-year veteran of federal law enforcement and is the CEO of Kiernan Group, an international consulting firm that supports federal and civil clients in the areas of both strategy and policy. She previously served as the Assistant Director for the Office of Strategic Intelligence and Information for the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATFE). She is a Senior Fellow of the George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute, and the Director of Intelligence Analysis Programs at Johns Hopkins University.
Dr. Kiernan is currently a special advisor to the director of the Combating Terrorism Task Force in the Department of Defense and to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Dr. Kiernan holds a doctorate in education from Northern Illinois University and masters’ degrees from the Joint Military Intelligence College and George Mason University.
Richard A. Posner, a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit since 1981 and a senior lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School, is the author of many books and articles. His most recent books are the seventh edition of Economic Analysis of Law; Countering Terrorism: Blurred Focus, Halting Steps; and How Judges Think. His current academic research includes national security and intelligence reform, the law and economics of catastrophic risk, and judicial behavior. He and economist Gary Becker write weekly commentaries on issues of public policy. See “The Becker-Posner Blog” at http:// becker-posner-blog.com/.
Harvey Rishikof, former chair, Department of National Security Strategy at the National War College in Washington, D.C., is currently a professor of law and national security studies. Mr. Rishikof’s career includes experiences with the college where he has taught and served as a law school dean; in the private sector with Hale and Dorr; and in public service with the federal judiciary and the FBI.
Timothy R. Sample has over twenty-five years of intelligence and policy experience as both a supplier and user of intelligence. His assessments on the future direction of U.S. intelligence led to his integral service to the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI) as both a contributing author and managing editor of IC21: The Intelligence Community of the 21st Century. His government positions have included staff director of HPSCI, executive director of the DCI Counterproliferation Center, and deputy U.S. negotiator for the START I talks.
Sample's private sector experience includes being vice president for Strategic Intelligence Strategies and Programs at General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems. He served as president of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance, a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy forum focusing on intelligence and national security issues, from November 2005 to July 2008. He is currently working as an independent consultant.
Robert W. Wallace retired from a thirty-two-year career at the CIA in 2003 and founded Artemus Consulting Group to provide strategic planning, program assessment, and representational services to government and corporate clients. He is the author of Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA’s Spytechs from Communism to Al-Qaeda and Nine from the Ninth. Wallace’s CIA assignments included three tours as chief of station and director of the Office of Technical Service. He is a member of the oral history staff of the CIA’s Center for the Study of Intelligence and a contributor to its Studies in Intelligence journal. Mr. Wallace holds a B.A. from Ottawa University and a master’s degree from the University of Kansas.
Michael Warner serves as chief historian for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. He received his Ph.D. in history from the University of Chicago. He has written and lectured extensively on intelligence history, theory, and reform, serving first as an analyst and then as a historian at the CIA. He has recently contributed to Intelligence Theory: Key Questions and Debates; Mapping the State of Research on Intelligence; and the journal Intelligence and National Security. Dr. Warner is also adjunct professor at American University’s School of International Service in Washington, D.C.
Austin K. Yamada served for twenty-five years as a career civil servant in the Department of Defense, where he served most recently as the deputy assistant secretary of defense for Special Operations and Combating Terrorism. Prior to his retirement in 2003, Yamada held various positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, where he was conferred the rank of Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service, and at the Defense Mapping Agency (now the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency). Mr. Yamada is currently vice president for national security solutions at ManTech International Corporation in Fairfax, Va. He received his B.S. degree from Montana State University and his master’s degree in engineering from Virginia Tech University.